Child Support in Thailand

Child Support in Thailand

Child Support in Thailand. In Thailand, both parents are legally obligated to financially support their children until they reach the age of 20. This obligation applies to both biological and adopted children. However, determining the amount and method of child support can become more complex when parents separate or divorce, or when a child is born outside of wedlock.

Here’s a breakdown of key aspects of child support in Thailand:

Reaching an Agreement:

  • Ideally, parents can reach a written agreement outlining the amount and method of child support payments. This agreement should consider the child’s needs, such as food, shelter, clothing, education, and healthcare, as well as each parent’s financial ability.

Court-Ordered Support:

  • If parents cannot reach an agreement, a Thai court will determine the child support amount. The court considers the child’s needs and both parents’ financial situations.
  • The court can order the non-custodial parent (the parent the child doesn’t primarily live with) to pay the custodial parent. In joint custody arrangements, the court might order one parent to contribute more financially depending on their income.

Child Born Out of Wedlock:

  • The biological father of a child born outside of marriage isn’t legally obligated to pay child support unless he acknowledges paternity through a legal process called “legitimization.” This process can occur through marriage, registration at a district office, or a court judgment.


  • Thai courts have the authority to enforce child support orders. If a parent fails to comply, the court can take steps such as seizing assets or working with foreign courts (if the parent resides abroad) to ensure payments are made.

Additional Considerations:

  • Child support payments in Thailand are typically made in regular installments, though alternative arrangements might be allowed with court approval.
  • The custodial parent cannot directly deposit child support funds into a minor’s bank account unless the child is 15 years old or older.

Seeking Legal Help:

  • Child support matters in Thailand can involve complexities. Consulting with a lawyer experienced in Thai family law is recommended, especially in situations involving disagreements, court proceedings, or children born outside of marriage.

This article provides a basic overview. It’s advisable to consult with a lawyer for specific advice regarding your situation.

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